If you have been diagnosed with an enlarged prostate due to BPH , there are several treatment options available. Ask your doctor which one is right for you.
When symptoms are mild, your doctor may just monitor your condition and asks you to track your symptoms before deciding if any treatment is necessary.
Your doctor may prescribe medications to manage your symptoms. These medications include alpha-blockers, which relax the muscles around the neck of your bladder, making it easier to urinate, and alpha reductase inhibitors, which act to shrink the prostate.
While medications can be helpful in relieving symptoms for some men, patients must continue taking them long-term to maintain the effects.
Some patients may experience side effects including dizziness, headaches, or sexual dysfunction. Some may not get adequate relief of their symptoms. Over 26% of men on medications for BPH discontinue treatment early for reasons such as being dissatisfied with side effects or not getting adequate symptom relief.
UroLift® System Treatment
The UroLift® System is a revolutionary, minimally invasive procedure that takes a different approach to treating BPH. The UroLift System treats the symptoms of BPH by lifting or holding the enlarged prostate tissue out of the way, like opening curtains on a window. Unlike other BPH procedures, with the UroLift System treatment, there is no cutting, heating or removal of prostate tissue unlike other procedures that treat BPH.
Thermotherapies are minimally invasive treatments where heat energy such as a microwave or radiofrequency is applied to prostate tissue. Less invasive than TURP (see below), these treatments are generally safe, can be performed under local anesthesia and provide moderate symptom relief for some patients.
Applying high heat to the prostate can cause tissue selling and uncomfortable urinary symptoms during the healing period. Symptom relief does not occur immediately, and patients often need to have a catheter that is attached to a urine bag inserted into their bladder during the recovery period.
Laser Resection of the Prostate
TURP may be performed with a laser in procedure called photoselective vaporisation of the prostate (PVP) or holmium laser enucleation (HOLEP). Laser therapy lessens the bleeding risks of traditional TURP. However, since prostate tissue is still removed, there can be tissue swelling and an uncomfortable healing time. Typically, a catheter has to be inserted into the bladder after the procedure.
Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP)
TURP is the most common surgery to treat BPH. During this procedure, patients undergo general anesthesia, and prostate tissue is removed. TURP is often considered the “gold standard” for long-term results.
After prostate tissue has been removed, the body needs time to heal. The remaining prostate tissue may actually swell and become inflamed before the desired shrinking effect occurs. Patients may suffer an uncomfortable recovery period that includes short-term problems such as bleeding, infection, erectile dysfunction, and urinary incontinence. Patients have to have a catheter that is attached to a urine bag inserted into their bladder for several days after the procedure.1
Symptom relief may not occur immediately, but lasts for a long time in many patients once it does occur.
There can be long-term side effects after TURP such as dry orgasm (retrograde ejaculation), erectile dysfunction or incontinence (leaking of urine).
1. NeoTract US market model estimates for 2013 based on IMS Health and Drug Procedure Data.